Evans, Gary W. and Ricciuti, Henry and Hope, Steven and Schoon, Ingrid and Bradley, Robert and Corwyn, Robert and Hazan, Cindy
Crowding and Cognitive Development: The Mediating Role of Maternal Responsiveness Among 36-Month-Old Children.
Environment and Behaviour, 42 (1).
||using data from the UK Millennium Cohort and the US NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development this study examines the association between residential crowding and school readiness at age 36 months. Going beyond previous studies we incorporated statistical controls for sociodemographic variables, and due to the prospective nature of the data we can show that processes connecting crowding to lower levels of cognitive attainment are initiated in infancy. The developmental timing of these processes comports with the broader literature on SES which show delays in cognitive functioning beginning by the second year of life. Our data also reveal, for the first time, that the well-documented linkages between higher residential crowding and poorer cognitive development are largely mediated by diminished maternal responsiveness.
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