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The gendered nature of apprenticeship : employers' and young people's perspectives

Fuller, Alison and Beck, Vanessa and Unwin, Lorna (2005) The gendered nature of apprenticeship : employers' and young people's perspectives. Education and Training, 47 (4/5). pp. 298-311. ISSN 0040-0912. DOI UNSPECIFIED

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Official URL: 10.1108/00400910510601887


Purpose Gender segregation has been a persistent feature of apprenticeship programmes in countries around the world. In the UK, the Modern Apprenticeship was launched ten years ago as the government?s flagship initiative for training new entrants in a range of occupational sectors. One of its priorities was to increase male and female participation in ?non-traditional? occupations, that is, those normally practiced by just one sex. However, recent figures show that the programme has failed to achieve its aim and this has prompted an investigation by the Equal Opportunities Commission. The research reported in this paper is part of this investigation. Methodology/Approach This paper presents quantitative and qualitative evidence on the attitudes of young people (aged 14 and 15) and employers to non-traditional occupational choices. It also explores the factors affecting the decisions of young people to train in a non-traditional occupation and the recruitment decisions of employers from ?traditional sectors?, such as engineering, the construction trades and childcare. Findings The research provides evidence of the deeply entrenched nature of occupational stereotypes and the psychological and social barriers that have to be overcome if a more evenly balanced workforce is to be created. It also reveals that none of the institutions and organisations which act as gatekeepers between young people and employers is, as yet, taking responsibility for challenging their perceptions and decision-making processes. Policy implications The paper concludes by highlighting the implications of the research findings stakeholders and suggesting an holistic approach to tackling gender segregation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 1. Presents findings from a study of young people's and employers' attitudes to gender stereotyping in apprenticeships, 'male' versus 'female' jobs, and career aspirations in England. 2. Contributes to theories of young people's decision making and their awareness of post-school pathways. Also provides quantitative data set from survey of young people in schools. 3. Winner of the Emerald Literati Network's Outstanding Paper Award for 2006. 4. Unwin's contribution 33% as co-author
Controlled Keywords: gender, apprenticeship, occupational stereotypes, employers, young people
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Lifelong and Comparative Education
Depositing User: IOE Repository Editor (1)
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2010 12:32
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2015 15:18
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