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Music listening and cognitive abilities in 10 and 11 year-olds: The Blur effect

Schellenberg, E. and Hallam, Susan (2006) Music listening and cognitive abilities in 10 and 11 year-olds: The Blur effect. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1060. pp. 202-209. ISSN 0077-8923. DOI UNSPECIFIED

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The spatial abilities of a large sample of 10- and 11-year-olds were tested after they listened to contemporary pop music, music composed by Mozart, or a discussion about the present experiment. After being assigned at random to one of the three listening experiences, each child completed two tests of spatial abilities. Performance on one of the tests (square completion) did not differ as a function of the listening experience, but performance on the other test (paper folding) was superior for children who listened to popular music compared to the other two groups. These findings are consistent with the view that positive benefits of music listening on cognitive abilities are most likely to be evident when the music is enjoyed by the listener.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at
Controlled Keywords: music and cognition, the Mozart effect, arousal and cognition, mood and cognition
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Education and International Development
IOE Departments > Departments > Lifelong and Comparative Education
Depositing User: IOE Repository Editor (2)
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2010 12:02
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 08:14
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