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The Importance of Sleep : Attentional Problems in School-Aged Children With Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome

Ashworth, Anna and Hill, Catherine M and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette and Dimitriou, Dagmara (2014) The Importance of Sleep : Attentional Problems in School-Aged Children With Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome. Behavioral sleep medicine. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1540-2010. DOI UNSPECIFIED

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Abstract

In typically developing (TD) children, sleep problems have been associated with day-time attentional difficulties. Children with developmental disabilities often suffer with sleep and attention problems, yet their relationship is poorly understood. The present study investigated this association in school-aged children with Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS). Actigraphy and pulse oximetry assessed sleep and sleep-disordered breathing respectively, and attention was tested using a novel visual Continuous Performance Task (CPT).Attentional deficits were evident in both disorder groups. In the TD group, higher scores on the CPT were related to better sleep quality, higher oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), and fewer desaturation events. Sleep quality, duration, and SpO2 variables were not related to CPT performance for children with DS and WS.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Atira Pure
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2014 09:35
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 09:14
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