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The academic achievement of African American students during early adolescence: An examination of multiple risk, promotive, and protective factors

Gutman, Leslie and Sameroff, Arnold and Eccles, Jacquelynne (2002) The academic achievement of African American students during early adolescence: An examination of multiple risk, promotive, and protective factors. American Journal of Community Psychology, 30 (3). pp. 367-399. ISSN 0091-0562

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This study examined the effects of multiple risk, promotive, and protective factors on three achievement-related measures (i.e., grade point average, number of absences, and math achievement test scores) for African American 7th-grade students (n = 837). There were 3 main findings. First, adolescents had lower grade point averages, more absences, and lower achievement test scores as their exposure to risk factors increased. Second, different promotive and protective factors emerged as significant contributors depending on the nature of the achievement-related outcome that was being assessed. Third, protective factors were identified whose effects were magnified in the presence of multiple risks. Results were discussed in light of the developmental tasks facing adolescents and the contexts in which youth exposed to multiple risks and their families live.
Controlled Keywords: 11 - 16, Children at risk
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Quantitative Social Science
Depositing User: IOE Repository Editor (2)
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2010 12:54
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2013 11:56
URI: http://eprints.ioe.ac.uk/id/eprint/2047

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