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Sibling rivalry : an empirical study

Cook, P. W. (1977) Sibling rivalry : an empirical study. PhD thesis, Institute of Education, University of London.

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Abstract

The research is an investigation of sibling rivalry and its socialization. Eighty mothers of two, three and four-child families were interviewed and 189 of their children tested by means of a specially constructed Children's Test. The test provides a matrix of the child's attitude to and involvement with all family members. The mother's interview data indicate the extent to which the mother differentiates between her children, her perception of sibling relationships and her general orientation to key socialization issues. The first part of the thesis, sets out the 'demographic' data on maternal preference and sibling relationships. Patterns of maternal preference were observed in two and three-child families, but not in four-child families. The analysis of sibling attitudes indicated that positive and negative sibling affect is related to ordinal position and sibling status. The second part, focusses on socialization issues. The socialization style of the mother was conceptualized as either personal or positional and operationalized by means of a specially constructed scale. This personal-positional factor was closely related to the mother's handling of key socialization issues and, more specifically, to her attitude to and handling of sibling rivalry. When the children of personal mothers are compared with those of positional mothers, different amounts of reported jealousy are found, but the direction of the influence varies with family size. The effect of a personal or positional socialization seems to be to lessen or heighten the significance of structural influences in the family.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis: PHD University of London Institute of Education, 1977.
Depositing User: Batch Import
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2014 12:51
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 11:34
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