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An investigation into the effects of punishment in secondary schools

Rochester, Herbert (1973) An investigation into the effects of punishment in secondary schools. PhD thesis, Institute of Education, University of London.

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Discipline problems in schools have-fooussed attention on punishment methods used. This investigation aimed at ascertaining the effects of punishment in secondaxy schools. Seven hundred and sixty-three pupils from ten different secondary schools assisted in the study. Judgments of sixth-fo= pupils provided data on the deterrent values of twenty-six punishments and the relative frequencies of use of these punishments to obtain the best results. From a detailed analysis of pupils' replies the concept of the educational value of a punishment emerged. This novel concept describes the educational benefit the pupils derive from the punishment situation* A new questionnaire was devised to assess the Judgments of educational values. The effects of punishments were then examined with this criterion in mincle The results showed that the educational value of a Punishment taken together with its deterrent value provided a ve2-7 good predictor of the effectiveness of a punishment. Punishment was perceived as needing much wider consideration than is implied by the simple mechanism ofstopping the unwanted action* The investigation tu=ed to a consideration of the emotional consequences of punishmente Questionnaires were devised to measure the positive and negative emotional consequences. It was found that punishment with high educational value was associated with positive emotional consequences while punishment with high deterrent value was associated with negative emotional consequences* The third stage of the investigation was conce=ed with identifYing the detenLinants of the educational and deterrent values of punishments* Again appropriate questionnaires were designed and administered to sixth-fo= pupils* The analysis of the data showed the main determinants of deterrent value were duration of after-effeot of punisbmentp inconvenience to the Individual being punished and disturbing social effects resulting from the punishment, The educational value itself is detentined by these same three factors plus a positive dimension which provides the opportunity for new endeavours * The next stage of the investigation dealt with the importance of matching the punishment to the circumstances surrounding the offence., The results stress the importance of choosing punishments in relation to the number of times the offence is committed and the age of the pupi2,, The last stage of the investigation concentrated on a comparison of current practice as perceived by headmasters and the suggestions derived from this investigation.. A comparison was also made between the concepts of headmasters and pupils* In conclusion recommendations are made for the practical application of the findings of this research to the school settingĂ˝

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Depositing User: IOE Repository Editor (10)
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2014 15:31
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2015 10:03
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