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The effects of the school environment on student health : a systematic review of multi-level studies

Bonell, Chris and Parry, Will and Wells, Helene and Jamal, Farah and Fletcher, Adam and Harden, Angela and Thomas, James and Campbell, Rona and Petticrew, Mark and Murphy, Simon and Whitehead, Margaret and Moore, Laurence (2013) The effects of the school environment on student health : a systematic review of multi-level studies. Health and Place, 21. pp. 180-191. ISSN 1353-8292. DOI UNSPECIFIED

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Health outcomes vary between schools and it is theorised that this may be partly attributable to variation in the school environment. Existing systematic reviews have not drawn authoritative conclusions because of methodological limitations in the review or studies available. We identified 42 multi-level studies, ten of which were judged of sufficient quality to narratively synthesize. There was consistent evidence that schools with higher attainment and attendance than would be expected from student intake had lower rates of substance use. Findings on the influence of smoking/alcohol policies were mixed. Three studies examined the health effects variously associated with school campus area and observability, year structure, school size and pupil-to-teacher ratio with mixed findings. The studies reviewed support the potential influence of the school environment on student health.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Controlled Keywords: Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Educational Status, Health Status, Humans, School Health Services, Schools, Students, Substance-Related Disorders
Depositing User: Atira Pure
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2014 09:56
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 09:12
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