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Sexuality, sexual norms and schooling : Choice-coercion dilemmas

Heslop, Jo and Parkes, Jenny and Januario, Francisco and Sabaa, Susan and Oando, Samwel and Hess, Tim (2014) Sexuality, sexual norms and schooling : Choice-coercion dilemmas. In: Gender Violence in Poverty Contexts: the Educational Challenge. Education, Poverty and International Development . Routledge. (Submitted)

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This chapter explores the links between gender, sexuality, poverty, education and violence through analysing data from a longitudinal study in three contexts in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique. In our work with a project addressing violence against girls in schools, the links between sexual coercion and intersecting inequalities have become increasingly central to our concerns, often proving particularly resistant to interventions. We describe this project, before investigating these coercive processes, the ways in which girls negotiate them, and the potential of an NGO to expand the sexual choices girls have and make. We analyse how sexual coercion in these contexts is shaped by structural and symbolic violence, in particular poverty, expectations of marriage and males providing in relationships, and age and authority asymmetries in sexual relationships or encounters blur the boundaries around sexual consent.In promoting a discourse of girls’ empowerment and education and in helping girls to recognise and challenge sexual violence, the project may have unwittingly exacerbated silences around sexual relationships and a pre-existing discourse of sex as automatically violent, closing down space to discuss the complexities of sexual coercion, agency, decision making, bodily integrity and safe sex.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Humanities and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Atira Pure
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2014 09:24
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 09:50
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