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Family Poverty and Trajectories of Children’s Emotional and Behavioural Problems: The Moderating Roles of Self-Regulation and Verbal Cognitive Ability

Flouri, Eirini and Midouhas, Emily and Joshi, Heather (2014) Family Poverty and Trajectories of Children’s Emotional and Behavioural Problems: The Moderating Roles of Self-Regulation and Verbal Cognitive Ability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. ISSN 1573-2835. DOI UNSPECIFIED

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Abstract

Socio-economic disadvantage is strongly associated with children’s emotional (internalising) and behavioural (externalising) problems. Self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability have been related to children’s emotional and behavioural resilience to socio-economic disadvantage. Despite being inter-related, self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability have not been examined jointly as promoting resilience in young children. This study investigated the roles of self- regulation and verbal cognitive ability in children’s emotional and behavioural resilience to family socio-economic disadvantage from early to middle childhood (ages 3, 5, and 7 years; N=16,916; 49 % girls). Using multivariate response growth curve modelling, we found that the relationship between socio-economic disadvantage and internalising problems was stronger for children with lower verbal cognitive ability. Also, poor children with high and low levels of self-regulation showed a widening gap in both emotional and behavioural problems over time. Poor and non-poor children alike benefited from self-regulation, but poor children appeared to be more vulnerable to low self-regulation. Self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability seem to be important protective factors for young children growing up in poor families.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Psychology and Human Development
IOE Departments > Departments > Centre for Longitudinal Studies
Depositing User: Atira Pure
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2014 14:16
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 09:08
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