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Providing access to economic assets for girls and young women in low-and-lower middle-income countries : a systematic review of the evidence.

Dickson, Kelly and Bangpan, Mukdarut (2012) Providing access to economic assets for girls and young women in low-and-lower middle-income countries : a systematic review of the evidence. [Report]

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this review is to identify interventions which address and attempt to overcome the barriers faced by girls and young women, in low income and fragile states, by providing them with opportunities to increase their access to economic assets. The focus will be on which interventions have been effective and the process of delivering those interventions which contributes to their effectiveness. Background: One of the key Millennium Development Goals is to 'promote gender equality and empower women'. However, there are concerns that in the current economic crisis additional action is required to ensure that women obtain equal access to economic opportunities and have a platform on which to provide equal input into contributing to the growth and development of their country’s economy (UNDP 2008, 2009). The 'Innovative Approaches to Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment', written for the High-level Event Partnership Meeting on the MDG3 Global Call to Action identified 'three core dimensions of women’s economic empowerment'. These Include: (1) Economic opportunity (e.g., expanding employment and entrepreneurship, promoting decent and productive work, improving access to finance); (2) Legal status and rights (e.g., improving women’s property, inheritance and land rights); and (3) Voice, inclusion and participation in economic decision-making (e.g., developing mechanisms to enhance women’s involvement in decision-making bodies). (UNDP 2008 p. iv). The role of assets is a key dimension of poverty alleviation strategies and the economic advancement of women in society. It is argued that if you can increase girls and young women’s access to assets at an early age then there is a greater chance of supporting them to move out of poverty and improve their ability to participate in economic growth in adulthood. There are many gender-specific barriers which restrict the equal distribution of resources (legal, institutional, socio-cultural) between women and men (girls and boys) which need to be addressed at the micro-economic and macro-economic level (DESA 2009).

Item Type: Report
Controlled Keywords: systtematic review, Research methods
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Social Science Research Unit
Depositing User: Atira Pure
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2013 04:23
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 10:27
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