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Adverse life events and chronic adversities as antecedents to anxiety in children: A matched control study

Allen, Jennifer and Rapee, Ronald and Sandberg, Seija (2008) Adverse life events and chronic adversities as antecedents to anxiety in children: A matched control study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36 (7). pp. 1047-1056. ISSN 1573-2835. DOI UNSPECIFIED

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Abstract

The present study compared the number of severe life events and chronic adversities as reported retrospectively by mothers of children with an anxiety disorder (n=39) prior to the onset of their most recent episode, with controls (n=39) matched for age and sex. The parent version of the Psychosocial Assessment of Childhood Experiences (PACE) was used to assess chronic adversities (long-term experiences with negative impact on child) and severe life events (discrete life events with high long-term threat). A significantly greater number of severe life events and chronic adversities were assessed prior to onset for anxious children compared to controls. The finding for severe life events held regardless of whether impact ratings were assigned by mothers or a panel of independent raters, suggesting the findings reflect actual as opposed to perceived differences. Results suggest that both discrete and chronic stressors may constitute risk for future episodes of anxiety in children.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Research conducted as part of first author's PhD. Primary responsibility for the conceptualisation, analysis and write-up of study findings, as well as data collection. Results provide evidence for increased rates of severe life events and chronic adversities as antecedents to clinical episodes of anxiety in children. This study has been included in a recent review of the aetiology of anxiety in children (Rapee et al., 2009).
Controlled Keywords: child anxiety, etiology, stress, life events, chronic adversity, Health and wellbeing
Divisions: IOE Departments > Departments > Psychology and Human Development
Depositing User: Atira Pure
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2013 02:01
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 08:58
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